Person systems - Variables

Number of between-language variables: 2

Number of within-language variables: 0

Within-language variables code as many different choices as a language allows, i.e. each language can have multiple values/records, each with a different value (e.g. different word order patterns, different tense markers with different morphological characteristics). Between-language variables are based on an algorithm (automatic or by hand) that creates exactly one datapoint per language, usually based on information from within-language variables (e.g. an algorithm that picks a basic word order in each language, or an exemplar tense marker that is representative for the morphology of the language, etc.).

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© by Balthasar Bickel and Johanna Nichols 2000